How to Have A Healthy Summer

How to Have A Healthy Summer

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The summer is a time of rest, excitement and fun for many of us. However, summer also carries with it several hazards which can affect our health if we do not take some simple precautions.

As summer arrives with gorgeous sunny days and warm weather, it also brings the threat of sunburns, allergies, bug bites, and other potential health complications.

Below are some tips that may help you enjoy a problem-free summer:

 

Protect yourself from UVA rays

Sunlight is good for the body, but like everything, too much of it is bad for you. Sun rays are an excellent source of Vitamin D and can greatly enhance your mood. There are two types of sun rays: UVA and UVB. 

UVA rays penetrate deep into the skin's layers and provide that tan so many people seek. However, UVA rays also eventually damage the immune system.

UVA damage may make it harder for the body to fight off diseases and can lead to skin cancers.

Spending too much time in the sun results in overexposure to UVA rays which can eventually cause life threatening skin cancers.

Always apply sunscreen when you are outdoors.

To protect yourself from UVA rays you should be using sunscreen with at least SPF 30. You should be applying a plenty amount from head to toe and reapply after swimming or sweating.

Drink plenty of water

 

Before stepping outdoors make sure that you are hydrated, it is crucial to drink plenty of water and replenish all the lost fluids. During the summer months we go outdoors more, we are more physically active, and it is much hotter - all factors that dehydrate us.

Signs of dehydration include:

  • dry mouth
  • headache
  • light-headedness
  • dizziness
  • little or no urination
  • constipation


Drinking plenty of water lowers your risk of heat stroke.

Dehydration is a major cause of:

  • Heat stroke - when body temperature rises higher than 40.6 °C (105.1°F). To avoid heatstroke wear lightweight clothing, avoid direct sunlight, use air conditioning, drink cold water, and avoid heavy meals.
  • Seizures - dehydration leas to a lack of electrolytes. Electrolytes send electrical signals from cell to cell. When electrolyte levels fall too low these signals don't function properly, leading to involuntary muscle contractions.

 

Exercise often

Consider spending just two to four hours a day doing things like walking the city streets, exploring a nature preserve, going to a zoo, biking along the ocean or taking a leisurely rowboat ride.

Not only are these activities good for mental health and warding off obesity and becoming fit, other benefits of physical activity include:

  • Reduced risk of breast cancer - data published in Cancer Epidemiology revealed that breast cancer risk can be reduced through exercise and physical activity.
  • Better cognition in children and older adults - there are a number of studies now showing that aerobic exercise can increase the size of critical brain structures and improve cognition in children and older adults.
  • Better sleep - a previous study found that people sleep much better and feel more alert during the day if they exercise for at least 150 minutes a week.

 

 

Orginal Article :

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/262549.php

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  • NGS Team